The Birth of the United States Post Office – In early colonial times most correspondence took place between the colonists and England. The King’s authorities would read and scour all the information and mail which was being sent. Correspondence between the colonies relied on trusted friends, merchants, or friendly Native Americans.
Around 1639 Richard Fairbanks’ Tavern in Boston, Massachusetts was designated since the official repository of mail from the General Court of Massachusetts (appointed through the King). Using taverns as mail drops was common practice in England, and the colonists adopted this practice as well. Local authorities designated by town representatives and Post Offices Near Me in the colonies, some of which remain around today.
In 1673, Governor Francis Lovelace of brand new York set up a monthly mailing post between New York City and Boston. The post rider’s trail became referred to as Old Boston Post Road, which can be part of today’s U.S. Route 1. Old Post Road in North Attleborough, Massachusetts was part of this rider’s trail and is also one among the oldest roads in America.
In 1683, William Penn, founder of Pennsylvania and a leader inside the Quaker community, established its’ first post office. Slaves or private messengers delivered communications from a single plantation to a different.
Above all, Thomas Neale received a twenty-1 year grant in 1691 through the British Crown to begin a North American postal service. Neale had never laid foot on North American soil, so he appointed then Governor Andrew Hamilton of the latest Jersey as his Deputy Postmaster General. Neale’s franchise cost him only 80 cents a year. In 1699, he assigned his interests in America up to Andrew Hamilton and R. West. Neale died heavily in debt because of this endeavor.
By 1707, the British Government had purchased the rights to the North American postal service through the widow of Andrew Hamilton and R. West. The federal government then appointed Andrew Hamilton’s son, Andrew, as Deputy Postmaster General of America. He served until 1721 when he was succeeded by John Lloyd of Charleston, South Carolina.
In 1730, Alexander Spotswood, a former lieutenant governor of Virginia, became Deputy Postmaster General for America. Seven years later, Spotswood appointed Benjamin Franklin as postmaster of Philadelphia. In 1753, Bejamin Franklin and William Hunter who had been postmaster of Williamsburg, Virginia, were appointed by the British Crown as Joint Postmasters for that colonies. Upon Hunter’s death in 1761, a man called John Foxcroft of New York succeeded him, serving till the outbreak in the Revolutionary War.
Throughout his time being a Joint Postmaster General for the Crown, Benjamin Franklin influenced many important and lasting improvements within the colonial posts. He immediately started to reorganize the service; he inspected Liteblue Usps Login within the North so when far south as Virginia. New surveys were made, milestones were placed on principal roads, and new and shorter routes were presented. The first time, post riders carried mail at night between Philadelphia and New York, as well as the travel time have been shortened by 50 percent.
William Goddard, a publisher, set up a post for colonial only mail service. It was separate from the British crown and was funded by purchasing subscriptions. Net revenues were to be utilized to improve his postal service. In 1774 Goddard suggested to Congress that the colonies come together to create a United Postal Service. He believed that this is a means to separate the colonies’ mail from the British postal inspectors. By doing this they can communicate colonial news only to the colonies. Goddard proposed his concept of a postal company to Congress a couple of years before the Declaration of Independence was signed
By 1774 colonists failed to trust the British crown and viewed the royal post office with suspicion. Benjamin Franklin was dismissed of his post duties by the Crown for his actions. The crown believed that Franklin was displaying sympathy to the main cause of the colonies. In September 1774, shortly after the Boston riots, known today since the Boston Massacre, the colonies started to apart from England. A Continental Congress was organized at Philadelphia in May 1775 to establish an independent government. One of the primary questions before the delegates was how to convey and provide you with the mail.
With the Revolutionary War imminent, the Continental Congress assembled and enacted the “Constitutional Post.” This act ensured that communications between the public and patriots, or those fighting for America’s independence, continued. On July 26, 1775, the Second Continental Congress chose Benjamin Franklin because the nation’s first Postmaster General. The establishment of the organization that had become the Post Office Store Hours nearly two centuries later traces back to this particular date and Ben Franklin. In 1760, Franklin reported a surplus for the British Postmaster General.
Franklin dedicated himself in this particular position, as well as much others, to satisfy George Washington’s imagine an information highway between the citizens and government. Like Goddard, whose idea ended up being to become united, Washington believed, that as a nation, we might forever be bound together by a communication system of roads. When Franklin left office in November of 1776, post fkjiwq operated from Florida to Canada and mail involving the colonies and England was operating on a regular schedule.
America’s present day postal service descends from an unbroken line of the system Franklin created, planned, and put into operation. History rightfully affords him major credit for establishing the foundation in the postal service which includes performed magnificently for your American people.